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Evicting a Tenant in Spain Just Got Faster

The Spanish government has introduced a new law that will overhaul certain aspects of the so-called ‘Express Eviction’ laws introduced in 2009 to speed-up the existing eviction process that saw non-paying tenants able to delay having to leave the property for well over a year.

In plain words, evicting a Tenant in Spain has a stronger support from Property Law: it is hoped that the rental market will thereby be improved with owners less reluctant to rent out their property.

The 2009 law was considered to be ineffective due to the fact that, despite permitting an eviction to take place within 60 days, this rarely if ever happened. This has been put down to the fact that, despite a surge in the number of
evictions in Spain (eviction proceedings primarily a result of the economic crisis) there has been no increase in the number of personnel to effect judgments.

Ten days to pay

The new laws aim to speed-up certain processes and eliminate those considered to be unnecessary. As soon as the landlord presents the demand for payment of rent and it is accepted by the court, the tenant has merely 10 days to either pay the rent, leave the property or respond to the demand on the basis that the monies are not in fact owed.

In the document issued by the court to the tenant the hearing date for any proceedings (should the tenant allege that the monies are not owed) are set as well as the specific eviction date. Should the tenant require legal aid, this must be requested within three days.

If the tenant leaves the property without paying, the judicial proceedings will go ahead on the petition of the landlord to recover the debt. If the tenant does nothing – does not respond or leave – the eviction will proceed on the date specified in the court document, without the need for any judicial proceedings.

It remains to be seen if the new laws, which are already in effect will have the desired impact. While they should improve the rental market by providing more security to potential landlords, they will no doubt affect those tenants affected by the continuing economic crisis and who, due to unemployment, are unable to pay the rent each month.

This said, evicting a Tenant in Spain seems to be much easier (assuming full right from the Landlord’s side), but still uncertain ground that makes expert advise very worth the investment.

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Eviction Proceedings

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1Who is this Service for?

If you own a property abroad that you rent long-term to a tenant who has breached the terms of the lease either through failing to pay the specified rent, within the specified timeframe, or by breach of some other term of the lease, you may be entitled to initiate legal proceedings to recover vacant possession of the property.

2What does this service consist of?

  • Primary focus is placed on efforts to get a satisfactory solution without resorting to judicial proceedings
  • Initial Contact by telephone/email/formal legal letter with tenants/occupiers to attempt to arrange fast and orderly exit from the property
  • If unsuccessful, initiate judicial proceedings to obtain vacant possession of property
  • Option to also pursue tenant for outstanding rent and any other unpaid bills (note in some jurisdictions this carries additional legal costs with a potentially low success rate due to the tenant’s circumstances, so better to offer as an option to keep costs down).

3Free Support Services Included

When combined with the free and innovative Advocate Abroad support services you can be sure that you are obtaining completely transparent legal services from registered and regulated English-speaking lawyers abroad.These support services include:

  • Verification of the regulatory status of your professional.
  • Fees as recommended by the Local Professional Body
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