The Marital Home After a Divorce in Spain

 

The Marital Home

The matrimonial home is a special type of asset that in certain circumstances may be treated differently from other assets following the dissolution of a marriage.

 

Simple Scenario

In the simple scenario where there are no children and the spouses own equal shares of the property, there may be an agreement to sell the property and divide the proceeds equally.

Alternatively one of the spouses may buy the other’s portion and retain the entire property alone.

 

Complex Scenarios

Should one of the spouses refuse to sell either to the other or to third parties it is possible to have a judicial auction of the property, known as ‘actio communi dividundo’. However, this solution is not recommended as it takes time and is very costly.

Where there are children a different analysis is applied because the protection of the children becomes the priority.

Typically a court in Spain will give the mother of the children custody and, consequently, the use and enjoyment of the matrimonial home. This conferral may be given a time limit, for example, until the children reach the age of majority.

While the above scenarios vary in complexity, they are fairly common place. More unusual circumstances do arise from time to time requiring answers to difficult legal quandries such as: what happens when the property used by the couple during the marriage is in fact owned by the parents of the non-custodial parent who no longer has use and enjoyment of the property.

Complications have also arisen as a result of circumstances where the spouse awarded use and enjoyment of the property later shares the property with a new partner who might be seen to benefit from the fact that the non-custodial parent is paying perhaps one half of the mortgage.

 

Family Law Client Testimonials

Client reviews of our family law services, as uploaded by clients directly to the Wufoo survey platform:

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    Colin Wilson, Australia
    Tuesday, October 30, 2018
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    Mohamed kheder, Dublin, Ireland
    Monday, September 24, 2018
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    Wendy Dickson, Marbella
    female
    Tuesday, June 19, 2018
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    Liezl Pulido, Philippines
    female
    Monday, April 23, 2018
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    Julie Smith, Torrellano
    female
    Friday, April 20, 2018
    I can't compliment my solicitor enough.

    From our initial meeting right through to my ultimate divorce (with no unpleasant surprises the entire duration of the entire process), he immediately respo...nded to my many enquiries, always had mine and my daughter's best interests at the forefront of any considerations and was well worth every penny of his extremely reasonable fee.

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    David Pratt, Alhaurin del Grande
    Friday, April 13, 2018
    Alvaro gives me confidence that he understands the issue and gives me practical solutions. He works rapidly and efficiently. I would strongly recommend his services.
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    John Burchell, Arroyo De la Miel
    Tuesday, March 20, 2018
    Alvaro was very professional, helpful and friendly. Understood things quickly. Explained things well in English. Very easy to contact at any time.
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    Robert Davies, Mallorca
    Monday, March 12, 2018
    Very supportive and clear on producing a suitable divorce settlement. Efficient, understanding and professional.
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    Adam Clark, Tenerife
    Friday, March 09, 2018
    Oliver was very professional. He explained things very clearly and honestly at all times and in the end we got the best result possible in my particular case.

    Many thanks to him for his high level ...of service.
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    Holly, Lanzarote
    female
    Friday, February 23, 2018
    The divorce process could have been explained more clearly and accurately so that a more realistic time for completion can be attained.
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    Tamara Malcolm, Mallorca
    female
    Tuesday, February 20, 2018
    Rosa was and is extremely knowledgeable and helpful. Her advice was excellent and i will definitely be using her expertise again in the future.
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    Eric Van Der Straeten, Belgium
    Friday, November 17, 2017
    Mr. Sempere Gelardo was a pleasure to work with. This lawyer has an understanding of difficult matters that surpasses most of his colleagues.

    He replied to my demand the next day and in fluent Engl...ish assisted me in the case I presented to him.

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    S Smith, Estepona
    Tuesday, September 12, 2017
    Being English in Spain and fighting a child custody and divorce case here is extremely difficult.

    I originally had an only Spanish speaking lawyer and after 2 years of everything taking ages inclu...ding just responses from my lawyer plus with the language barrier I decided to make the difficult decision to change my lawyer to Alvaro.

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    Aaron L, Oregon
    Wednesday, August 02, 2017
    Very satisfied with the service provided. Helen was knowledgeable, helpful and responsive to communication. Will definitely use again.
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    Maya M, Canada
    female
    Monday, July 31, 2017
    My overall experience with Rosa was a positive one.

    Value for the money? Yes.

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    N. Gardiner, Mijas
    Friday, June 16, 2017
    Rosa was value for money, really easy to deal and very efficient. Highly recommend.
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    D slocombe, Spain
    Friday, May 19, 2017
    Jose is very friendly and understanding. I am very satisfied and I would you use the same lawyer again in the future.
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    KSC, Ireland
    Tuesday, October 18, 2016
    She was very helpful, always happy to assist. I was very satisfied with the service.
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    Elena, Australia
    female
    Tuesday, June 14, 2016
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    female
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    Peter Gural, La Linea
    Thursday, October 08, 2015
    What I liked about this service: Value for money.

    The level of professionalism and excellence in service was not compromised in the reasonably low fee charged for the service.

    All details were... explained in a simple format that an ordinary citizen could understand, sparing the bureaucratic procedure that only lawyers can understand.
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    Elena Todd, Almoradi
    female
    Friday, July 18, 2014
    Our lawyer was very understanding of our situation, and took a lot of time to strategise for the best possible outcome.

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    Christine B., Spain
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    Thursday, July 03, 2014
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The Marital Home is Owned by the Parents of One of the Spouses

In the situation where the free use of the property was granted by the parents of the spouse who no longer has use and enjoyment of the property, the majority of the courts have decided that such a gift may be considered ‘precarious’ and therefore the situation could be terminated when deemed convenient by the true owners. i.e. the parents of the non-custodial parent.

 

The Spouse Granted Sole Use of the Home shares it with a new Partner

Regarding the situation where the use and enjoyment of a joint property is granted by the court to one of the spouses who later shares the property with a new partner, the question of whether the circumstances require a change in the use and enjoyment of the property would seem to depend on whether or not there are children involved.

Where there are no children, the use and enjoyment of the property will have been conceded to the particular spouse because the court will have evaluated the situation and decided that this spouse was more deserving of protection than the other.

Simply put, once that spouse is living with a new partner, the new circumstances may well be sufficient for the judge to consider, upon a request made by the former spouse and (at least part) owner of the property, that the situation that gave rise to the need for greater protection no longer exists and that the property should be returned to the former spouse or sold.

If, on the other hand there are children, the use and enjoyment is in reality indirect, as the use is really in favour of the children. Accordingly, should the spouse granted use and enjoyment of the property decide to share it with a new partner, this would not extinguish the rights enjoyed by the children.

 

Impact of a new Relationship

The above reasoning may be modified where the sharing of the property with the new partner may be considered detrimental in some way to the children, it being the interests of the children that are paramount in the eyes of the court at all times.

 

 

Other Relevant Factors

It has also been held by the Court of Appeal in Zaragoza, when applying the Law of Joint [Child] Custody passed by the Aragon Parliament a year ago, that where the  property was owned solely by the father of the child, that the property should be returned to him once the child had reached the age of 12.

The Court decided that the mother being relatively young, and working, had the same responsibility to provide a house for her child as the father.

 

Responsibility for the Mortgage

Any mortgage remains the liability of those who signed it so, for example, in the case where both spouses are joint owners of the matrimonial home and both are signatories to the mortgage, then both remain equally liable after a divorce.

The financial institution is not concerned with the specific circumstances of the use and enjoyment of the property and so, the non-custodial parent who is no longer using the property must continue to pay the mortgage installments or face having the property repossessed.

Should the custodial parent start a new relationship it may be open to the non-custodial parent to make an application for a substantial change in circumstances in order to press for a sale of the property and division of the assets.

 

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