Contact in Spain
Spain: +34 932 20 44 40
UK: 0800 098 8033
US: +1 415 651 8449

Is a Divorce Agreement, signed by the Spouses but not ratified in Court, still enforceable?

Divorce Agreement

When a couple decide to separate, or indeed to get divorced, via the “mutually agreed” process, an agreement is drawn-up that reflects the (agreed) wishes of the two spouses, and is known as the Convenio Regulador or “Divorce Agreement”.

The agreement can contain details that will govern the economic relationship post-separation as well as matters relating to any common children. Article 777 of the Law of Civil Procedure states that it is obligatory to present a Divorce Agreement together with the Divorce Petition, when opting for the “mutually agreed” process.

It is interesting to highlight that the required contents of the Divorce Agreement are specifically detailed in Article 90 of the Spanish Civil Code, however without going into too much depth, as a general rule, the Divorce Agreement should be ratified judicially with said official approval conferring procedural legitimacy as well as rendering the obligations contained in the agreement binding on the ex-spouses. At this point a question arises, what validity has a divorce agreement, entered into by the spouses, but which has not been judicially ratified?

Case Law

Case law would suggest that in such cases, much importance is attached to the issue of consent, in accordance with Article 1255 of the Spanish Civil Code, on the basis that if the stipulations that will govern from the moment that the marriage is terminated have been agreed by both spouses, being the case that such stipulations do not harm their own interests, and moreover, those of any children, (since a universal principle of Family Law is that priority is always attached to the interests of any minors), there is no reason why effectiveness should be stripped from a consensual agreement.

For this reason, it is understood that, within the spirit of article 1254 of the Spanish Civil Code and the basic principle that underpins the Civil Law: “Pacta Sunt Servanda”– ‘that which is agreed, obliges’ – thus, an agreement while not ratified judicially, but subscribed to by both parties, is effective, without more.

The Supreme Court handed down a decision in 2011 within this ambit of the law. The Court decided that, with regard to the validity of a divorce agreement between the parties relating to the payment of alimony, agreed while the spouses were living apart, and where they had decided to later ratify in Court, that the Court was obliged to uphold the amount agreed.


In some cases, in my opinion, it might be maintained that it would be possible to enforce terms of a separation when the spouses have decided to live apart and have agreed verbally such terms as, for example, child maintenance payments. This may be the case even where there is no physical document, signed by the parties, if sufficient time has elapsed in which the referred to amount has been regularly paid on the basis of a tacit agreement on the part of both parties regarding these terms.

You may be interested in the following service...

Client testimonials

"I had tried before and failed with a different lawyer. I’m so glad I reached out to Advocate Abroad and they recommended the right lawyer. I recommend him 100%."

Janekate (Sep 14, 2021)


Available in the following locations: Alicante, Arrecife, Barcelona, Benidorm, Cadiz, Castellon, El Campello, Estepona, Fuengirola, Gandia, Girona, Granada, Jaen, L`Eliana, La Manga del Mar Menor, Las Palmas, Los Alcázares, Los Cristianos, Madrid, Maspalomas, Mazarron, Murcia, Nerja, Orihuela Costa, Oviedo, Palma de Mallorca, Puerto del Rosario, Puzol, Seville, Torrevieja, Valencia, Velez Malaga, Vera, Vigo.

* If your local town is not listed, a lawyer from our nearest office will be happy to assist you.


1Who is this Service for?

For anyone who wishes to initiate, or who needs to respond to, divorce proceedings or other family law proceedings including separation and annulment.

2What does this service consist of?

  • Initial discussion with a specialist lawyer to understand the current position and options for next steps
  • If initiating divorce proceedings, possibility to refer case to an Advocate Abroad solicitor registered by the Law Societies in the UK to provide consultation on whether divorce proceedings may take place in the UK
  • If proceedings in UK not possible or desired, filing of the divorce petition to the local Courts or formal legal response if responding to a petition for divorce in the local Courts
  • Certificate of English law arranged if applying English-law to the foreign divorce proceedings
  • Negotiation of all terms of the divorce settlement
  • Drafting/Review of the divorce agreement
  • Division and distribution of Matrimonial Assets
Support services

3Free Support Services Included

When combined with the free and innovative Advocate Abroad support services you can be sure that you are obtaining completely transparent legal services from registered and regulated English-speaking lawyers abroad.These support services include:

  • Verification of the regulatory status of your professional.
  • Fees as recommended by the Local Professional Body
  • Fees specified in advance and legally guaranteed.
  • Service levels agreed in advance and guaranteed.
  • All professionals must hold professional indemnity insurance.
  • Professionals' proficiency in English monitored.
  • Continuous quality controls and reviews.

Why choose Advocate Abroad? Message
Established more than
10 years ago
Present in 20
European Countries
Over 30,000 client enquiries
successfully managed