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Debt Collection in Romania

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"Cezara was very easy to communicate with and was quick to respond whenever I had a query. She grappled with every roadblock professionally and efficiently.

I was very grateful for all of her help."

Sarah Krause, Bucharest (Sep 28, 2021)
Established more than
10 years ago
Present in 20
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Service Details

Debt Collection

Available in the following locations: Craiova.

* If your local town is not listed, a lawyer from our nearest office will be happy to assist you.

1Who is this Service for?

Anyone with experience running a business will have unfortunately been forced at some point to chase debtors for failing to pay for goods or services supplied. Or perhaps a loan has been made and never repaid. Hopefully, a formal legal demand will be sufficient to ensure prompt repayment. If not, other measures can be taken to enforce your rights, around the world.

2No Win No Fee

The Intelligent Debt Recovery Service provided by the English-speaking lawyers on the Advocate Abroad network allows you to take control and to begin the process of recovering outstanding debts in Spain – regardless of where you are located in the world.

Furthermore, you can do so without having to make any advanced payment for the services of any kind when choosing the no-win-no-fee option*.

* Please note, this does not include costs involved with Court Proceedings.


3Negotiation With Debtors

Should the need arise, the lawyers on the Advocate Abroad network are experts in carrying out negotiations with debtors and will negotiate on your behalf for the return of the debt and will manage a debt plan with the debtor where you have provided us with full prior authorisation.

Obtaining all of the monies that you are owed is of course the primary objective here though you may decide that obtaining a percentage or the full amount over a period of time are acceptable alternatives.


4Financial Report Before Going to Court

  • Going to court is a last resort but one that can be necessary in order to obtain a successful outcome. We should only really consider going ahead when all of the information relating to the debtor tells us that this will be a worthwhile strategy.
  • It is possible to obtain valuable information about the financial position of Spanish individuals and companies from a number of important sources. This would include:
  • The commercial register which contains a host of information about companies such as fixed assets and annual returns;
  • The property register which holds information on any assets registered in the names of individuals including sole traders;

The RAI register which contains valuable reports of any previous failure by the company to pay creditors Advocate Abroad can arrange for a report to be drawn-up and a recommendation to be provided – by specialist lawyers – on whether to pursue the debtor in the Courts.

It is strongly recommended to obtain a financial report before proceeding to take court action.


5Court Process

If the measures taken extra-judicially fail to recover the debt and the financial report (recommended) suggests that it would be worthwhile to continue pursuing the debtor, the next stage is to bring the matter before the courts.

This effectively means using the ‘Proceso Monitorio’ which is a special court process specifically set-up for the speedy resolution of outstanding debts which cannot exceed €250,000.

Upon presentation to the court of the petition together with supporting documentary evidence (contracts, invoices etc) the court will decide whether there is a sufficiently substantial case for the debt to be repaid.

The debtor is then informed by the court of the petition and at this stage there are three possible outcomes:

1. Debtor Agrees To Pay The Debt

In 45% of cases brought via the ‘proceso monitorio’ the matter is resolved at this point with the debtor agreeing to pay the creditor the amounts owed.

2. Debtor Does Not Respond or Appear in Court

If the debtor fails to respond to the court action or doesn’t turn-up at the hearing then the judge may place an embargo on any assets or income of the debtor to force repayment of the amount owed. 39% of cases are resolved in this fashion.

3. Debtor Opposes Payment of the Debt

If within a timeframe of twenty days the debtor opposes the action and does so in writing then it becomes necessary for the court to hear arguments from both sides. The debtor will require documentation to support their case. The debtor opposes the debt in this way in 16% of cases.

6Other Considerations

It is extremely useful if you know the current location of the debtor and have documentary evidence to support your claim. This might be a document signed by the debtor to that effect or it might be a document that is ordinarily issued in the course of business dealings such as invoices, delivery notes or other such items.


7What does this service consist of?

  • Expedite and facilitate the collection of unpaid debts
  • Improve collection rates and where possible preserve existing business relationships
  • Collection is achieved either through extrajudicial or judicial procedures
  • Ensure a value-for-money service
  • All cases are undertaken with the strictest confidence and the clients are regularly kept up-to-date

8Free Support Services Included

When combined with the free and innovative Advocate Abroad support services you can be sure that you are obtaining completely transparent legal services from registered and regulated English-speaking lawyers abroad.These support services include:

  • Verification of the regulatory status of your professional.
  • Fees as recommended by the Local Professional Body
  • Fees specified in advance and legally guaranteed.
  • Service levels agreed in advance and guaranteed.
  • All professionals must hold professional indemnity insurance.
  • Professionals' proficiency in English monitored.
  • Continuous quality controls and reviews.

Why choose Advocate Abroad? Message