Spanish family law: what are ‘private assets’?

Following on from a previous article regarding Spanish family law and the division of assets upon a divorce in Spain, assets which may not form part of a matrimonial ‘pot’ are known as ‘private’. These assets belong exclusively to one or other of the spouses and is not subject to being divided upon a divorce. Private assets may include the following:

  • Those rights and assets possessed before the marriage (even where funds considered ‘common’ to both spouses are used to pay later instalments – unless the asset in question is the matrimonial home or fixtures and fittings)
  • Those rights and assets obtained during the marriage without payment e.g. inheritances or gifts to a particular spouse
  • Those rights and assets obtained through an exchange for private assets belonging to one of the spouses
  • Rights that may only be transmitted via inheritance
  • Payment for personal damages or damages to private assets
  • Clothes and personal belongings not of ‘extraordinary’ value
  • Equipment necessary for the carrying-out of a trade or profession unless these are an integral part of a common enterprise
  • Assets acquired with an initial payment by one of the spouses even though later instalments are paid using common funds

 

The Matrimonial Home in Spanish Family Law

The matrimonial home in Spain is a special type of asset that in certain circumstances may be treated differently from other assets. In the simple scenario where there are no children the spouses may agree in the divorce agreement to sell the property and divide the proceeds equally.

Where there are children it might be decided that the wife will stay in the family home with the children with a posterior sale and division of the proceeds. However, where there are children and no agreement between the spouses then the needs of the children become paramount when the court is considering how to deal with the main property asset.

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Testimonials for Family Law
  • Jeffrey Gorman
    Jeffrey Gorman, Granada

    Always available and ready to help, nice guy easy to talk to.


    May 31, 2019
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    Start to finish she provided the best service. Very happy with the job done, thx a lot!


    May 31, 2019
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    Robert Cunningham, Mallorca

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    May 20, 2019
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    Apr 26, 2019
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    Apr 03, 2019
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    Highly recommend and reasonable fees. Thank you, Francisca!


    Mar 16, 2019
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    Mar 12, 2019
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    Mar 09, 2019
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    Jan 08, 2019
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    Jan 07, 2019
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  • Alena Beerman (Santander)
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    Mar 20, 2018
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    Mar 12, 2018
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    Feb 20, 2018
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    Nov 17, 2017
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    Aug 02, 2017
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    May 19, 2017
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    Mar 10, 2017
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    Feb 16, 2017
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    Dec 12, 2016
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    Feb 25, 2016
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    Ian Bailey (Mallorca)

    I recently used Rosa and found her service excellent!


    May 31, 2015
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    Thomas Hills, Spain

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    Kevin Neylon, Poland

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    Feb 23, 2015
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    Anthony Op de Weegh, Switzerland

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    Oct 22, 2014
  • Brett Goldsmith
    Brett Goldsmith, Canada

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    Sep 21, 2014
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    May 23, 2014
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