Recently enacted legislation permitting the conferral of Spanish nationality on Sephardic Jews came into force on October 15th, 2015. Law 12/2015 establishes a new process by which all those who can prove that they are descendants of Sephardic Jews and who have a special connection with Spain may obtain Spanish nationality.
The application can be made online via the website of the Ministry of Justice and, as well as the conditions just mentioned, must demonstrate an understanding of the Spanish language. to level A2 or higher, (being exempt those applicants who are nationals of Spanish-speaking countries) as well as Knowledge of the Spanish Constitution and Sociocultural Practices.
The legislation is considered to be an act of atonement for the expulsion of Jews from Spain at the end of the 15th century. These Jews were known as Sefardí in the Hebrew tongue, meaning ‘Spanish’. They were given the option of conversion to Christianity or expulsion from their country. The descendants of the Sephardic Jews that were originally expelled are now believed to be numbered in the millions.